Digital Millennium Copyright Act – DMCA

DMCA, the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, was passed by the US Congress on October 12, 1998 and was enacted as law by President Clinton on October 28, 1998. According to Clinton, the bill was created to protect intellectual property in the online arena. It was also to expand upon the WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization) conference treaties from 1996. And while many groups such as the music industry and software suppliers welcomed the law, many others felt that it meant to undermine legitimate research and education by making criminals of librarians, scientists and other academicians.

The law specifically makes it a crime to try and subvert security and passcodes in software. For example, code-cracks found on the internet are illegal. Code cracking is when one person gets a copy of a licensed software and figures out a way to give it to others for free. They either no longer need the “key”, or the person (the one who cracks the code) supplies a set of keys so that others can install the software and use it.

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What is WHOIS Information?

WHOIS information provides details about domains across the internet. While it is possible to maintain your privacy when registering a domain, if you do not choose the option to keep your domain information private it will be accessible to anyone in the world. The WHOIS system began as a method for system administrators to obtain contact information for IP address assignments and domain name administrators.

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How can you protect your copyrighted images on your website?

There is nothing more discouraging and disheartening than to create fabulous graphics or “shoot” excellent photography and have some thief come along and blatantly use your images on his/her website, free blog, or social media page. Sadly, this is the ilk of the internet. And while plenty of webmasters are honest, law abiding business owners and hobbyists, many others are waiting for the chance to “rip your content”.

We covered the other end of this issue in our page on Web Site photo Copyright issues. Make sure to check that out too!

It seems to be easy to steal on the internet since the web has no boundaries and people do not know one another. Taking from strangers desensitizes individuals. But don’t despair because here are EIGHT steps you can take to protect your copyrighted images on your website.

  1. Behave in a proactive manner when dealing with your images. Do not assume that others will be honest because you are. Clearly state on your website that the material is protected by copyright law. Place the copyright insignia at the bottom of your pages with the years in business and also place a notation under or close to the individual images. To make the copyright symbol ©, hold down your “alt” key and at the same time, type 0169 from your number pad.
  2. If you own the photos, be sure to use a watermark. Your actual photo link can go to a page that spells out what you will do if your images are found elsewhere. It should be noted, that a copyright notice is not required legally to protect your photos, but it does help to deter people who are not sure about the laws.
  3. Also, you might use special code to disable or disallow right-clicking. Remember, though, that a legitimate user may have a need for that function and you might anger loyal visitors so basically weigh your options. If theft is a continual problem, then you will have to react. But if it happens once a year, there is no point in making your users angry.
  4. If someone does steal your photos, you can send a DMCA notice to their ISP and their webhost who are obligated to review the situation. DMCA stands for Digital Millennium Copyright Act and ISP stands for Internet Service Provider. (it may be more difficult to find the offender’s ISP than his webhost)
  5. Register your images with the Copyright Office by sending your application and fee to Register of Copyrights, Copyright Office, Library of Congress, Washington D.C. Please check the official website for more specific details.
  6. There are scripts available, or you can have one written for you specially, that will change the URL of your photos on a regular basis. This will prevent some hotlinking.
  7. If you see your images on social media sites or other places where the public congregates, have the site remove your photos.
  8. Some people will try to counter your complaint or justify their behavior by saying that they can legally use the image because of the “fair use” law. This does not generally refer to photos. It specifically refers to quoting a source and giving credit to that source. For example, if you were reporting a news event and you copied two lines from the Associated Press and then continued with your own summary, that would be fair use. You have not plagiarized the material and have given full due or credit to the AP. It is very difficult, however, to use a “piece” or “quote” from a photo and claim “fair use”.

One last point that is quite important. You must remember that these steps to protect your copyrighted images on your website are more deterrents than anything else. You want to make it as difficult as possible for the thief, while at the same time making the experience enjoyable for your clients. Anyone with evil intent will find a way to take your stuff just like they will steal from your house. But taking preventative measures reduces your risks. If none of the above measures help, contact an Intellectual Property Lawyer.

If you’re looking for more information on copyright on the internet – check out – it’s a great resource!

Copyright issues with photos on your site: how to prevent them?

PhotographerCopyrights are indeed serious considerations when building and maintaining a website. Unfortunately many people believe that anything on the internet is in the public domain and can be used freely. This is simply false and is actually very far from the truth, and can be quite costly if ignored. The bottom line is using photos, videos or content that comes from another person is simply theft. Nobody in their right mind would go to the work of creating and publishing photos with the express purpose of letting someone else take what is their livelihood. Copyright on the internet should be taken very seriously.

Photos are particularly vulnerable to online theft because everyone wants their websites to look good and basically they do not want to pay for photos. But whether photos are marked with a copyright or not, it is generally assumed that they are owned by the person who created them and published them.

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